Phonics in EYFS
Children in Reception Class will learn to read and write using Letters and Sounds’. This is a detailed and systematic programme for teaching phonic skills. It is a fun and interactive way to support children in learning how to read and write.
Initially, for the children to learn their sounds we use a programme called ‘Jolly Phonics’. Jolly Phonics represents each sound with an action helping children to remember both more easily.
The alphabet contains only 26 letters. Spoken English uses about 42 sounds (phonemes). These phonemes are represented by letters (graphemes). In other words, a sound can be represented by a letter (e.g. ‘s’ or ‘h’) or a group of letters (e.g. ‘th’ or ‘ear’)
Once children begin learning sounds, they are used quickly to read and spell words. Children can then see the purpose of learning sounds. For this reason, the first six letters that are taught are ‘s’, ‘a’, ‘t’, ‘p’, i’, ‘n’. These can immediately be used to make a number of words such as ‘sat’, ‘pin’, ‘pat’, ‘tap’, ‘nap’.